 How to convert a Decimal to a Double in C#?
[+762]  Eggs McLaren
[2008-07-31 21:42:52]
[ c# floating-point type-conversion double decimal ]
[ https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4/how-to-convert-a-decimal-to-a-double-in-c ]

I want to use a `Track-Bar` to change a `Form`'s opacity.

This is my code:

``````decimal trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000;
this.Opacity = trans;
``````

When I build the application, it gives the following error:

``````Cannot implicitly convert type decimal to double
``````

I have tried using `trans` and `double`, but then the `Control` doesn't work. This code worked fine in a past VB.NET project.

(17) Also, Decimal can't represent as wide a value as a Double. Decimal can only go up to +/-7.9228162514264337593543950335E+28; whereas a Double can go up to +/-1.79769313486232E+308 - TraumaPony
(2) @TraumaPony it's a `trackbar`. It is unlikely that it has ever been done to use such a high value on `trackbar` - Franck
(1) I was always told it is better to multiply by 0.0002 than divide by 5000. - JosephDoggie
(9) Fun Fact: This is the 4th question (The first still only visible) on stack overflow - Leo stands with Russia
[+506] [2008-07-31 22:17:57] Kevin Dente [ ACCEPTED]

An explicit cast to `double` like this isn't necessary:

``````double trans = (double) trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
``````

Identifying the constant as `5000.0` (or as `5000d`) is sufficient:

``````double trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
double trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000d;
``````

1
[+144] [2008-08-01 14:23:28] huseyint

A more generic answer for the generic question "Decimal vs Double?":

Decimal is for monetary calculations to preserve precision. Double is for scientific calculations that do not get affected by small differences. Since Double is a type that is native to the CPU (internal representation is stored in base 2), calculations made with Double perform better than Decimal (which is represented in base 10 internally).

2
[+98] [2008-08-10 17:54:27] Keith

Your code worked fine in VB.NET because it implicitly does any casts, while C# has both implicit and explicit ones.

In C# the conversion from decimal to double is explicit as you lose accuracy. For instance 1.1 can't be accurately expressed as a double, but can as a decimal (see " Floating point numbers - more inaccurate than you think " for the reason why).

In VB the conversion was added for you by the compiler:

``````decimal trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000m;
this.Opacity = (double) trans;
``````

That `(double)` has to be explicitly stated in C#, but can be implied by VB's more 'forgiving' compiler.

 http://bizvprog.blogspot.com/2008/05/floating-point-numbers-more-inaccurate.html

3
[+90] [2008-09-21 03:51:01] Gordon Bell

Why are you dividing by 5000? Just set the TrackBar's Minimum and Maximum values between 0 and 100 and then divide the Value by 100 for the Opacity percentage. The minimum 20 example below prevents the form from becoming completely invisible:

``````private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
TrackBar1.Minimum = 20;
TrackBar1.Maximum = 100;

TrackBar1.LargeChange = 10;
TrackBar1.SmallChange = 1;
TrackBar1.TickFrequency = 5;
}

private void TrackBar1_Scroll(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
this.Opacity = TrackBar1.Value / 100;
}
``````

(8) Wouldn't this just move the problem around? Rather than a problem with `5000`, OP would have a problem with `100`? - jww
4
[+71] [2009-02-27 11:45:40] tvanfosson

You have two problems.

Firstly, `Opacity` requires a double, not a decimal value. The compiler is telling you that while there is a conversion between decimal and double, it is an explicit conversion that you need to specify in order for it to work.

Secondly, `TrackBar.Value` is an integer value and dividing an int by an int results in an int no matter what type of variable you assign it to. In this case there is an implicit cast from int to decimal or double, because there is no loss of precision when you do the cast. So the compiler doesn't complain. But the value you get is always 0, presumably, since `trackBar.Value` is always less than 5000.

The solution is to change your code to use double (the native type for Opacity) and do floating point arithmetic by explicitly making the constant a double, which will have the effect of promoting the arithmetic or casting `trackBar.Value` to double, which will do the same thing or both. You don't need the intermediate variable unless it is used elsewhere. My guess is the compiler would optimize it away anyway.

``````trackBar.Opacity = (double)trackBar.Value / 5000.0;
``````

5
[+67] [2008-08-05 20:18:30] andynil

In my opinion, it is desirable to be as explicit as possible. This adds clarity to the code and aids your fellow programmers who may eventually read it.

In addition to (or instead of) appending a `.0` to the number, you can use `decimal.ToDouble()`.

Here are some examples:

``````// Example 1
double transperancy = trackBar1.Value/5000;
this.Opacity = decimal.ToDouble(transperancy);

// Example 2 - with inline temp
this.Opacity = decimal.ToDouble(trackBar1.Value/5000);
``````

6
[+65] [2008-08-01 13:53:06] Ryan Fox

It sounds like `this.Opacity` is a double value, and the compiler doesn't like you trying to cram a decimal value into it.

7
[+58] [2011-08-31 19:08:26] Darin Dimitrov

The Opacity  property is of double type:

``````double trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
this.Opacity = trans;
``````

or simply:

``````this.Opacity = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
``````

or:

``````this.Opacity = trackBar1.Value / 5000d;
``````

Notice that I am using `5000.0` (or `5000d`) to force a double division because ``` trackBar1.Value ```  is an integer and it would perform an integer division and the result would be an integer.

 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/api/system.windows.forms.form.opacity
 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/api/system.windows.forms.trackbar.value

8
[+57] [2008-11-20 14:36:42] Dinah

You should use `5000.0` instead of `5000`.

9
[+55] [2011-08-31 19:09:50] ChrisF

Assuming you are using WinForms, ``` Form.Opacity ```  is of type `double`, so you should use:

``````double trans = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
this.Opacity = trans;
``````

Unless you need the value elsewhere, it's simpler to write:

``````this.Opacity = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
``````

The reason the control doesn't work when you changed your code to simply be a double was because you had:

``````double trans = trackbar1.Value / 5000;
``````

which interpreted the `5000` as an integer, and because `trackbar1.Value` is also an integer your `trans` value was always zero. By explicitly making the numeric a floating point value by adding the `.0` the compiler can now interpret it as a double and perform the proper calculation.

 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/api/system.windows.forms.form.opacity

10
[+49] [2012-05-13 02:10:25] Darryl

Since `Opacity` is a double value, I would just use a double from the outset and not cast at all, but be sure to use a double when dividing so you don't loose any precision

``````Opacity = trackBar1.Value / 5000.0;
``````

11
[+48] [2012-03-06 08:07:53] Danny Fox

The best solution is:

``````this.Opacity = decimal.ToDouble(trackBar1.Value/5000);
``````

12
 [2022-04-12 09:48:45] Arnold Brown

Try this -

// decimal values

``````decimal d1 = 3234.3434m;
``````

// convert to double

``````double r1 = Decimal.ToDouble(d1);
``````

13